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(skt.: avidya, tib.: ma rig pa) Literally, not seeing that which exists, or the way in which things exist. The fundamental delusion from which all others spring. There are basically two kinds, ignorance of karma and ignorance of ultimate truth. It is not mere lack of knowledge, but mistaken perception of the true nature of phenomena. Due to incorrect apprehension we fail to recognize the Ultimate nature of self and phenomena and falsely ascribe them true existence. Ignorance, karma and desire are the three forces that cause reincarnation. Ignorance is also first of the twelve links of dependant arising.